Escrito por: Natalia Herrero Fecha Monday 17, May 2021 Categoría: Digital Certificate
More and more companies and professionals are being required by the regulatory authorities to use a qualified digital certificate for their electronic communications and procedures. We find the example in different regulations such as the European eIDAS regulation, Law 6/2020 and Law 39/2015, which require the use of a qualified digital certificate.
But how do I know if I am working with a qualified digital certificate? What does this qualification mean? We tell you in the following post.
A qualified digital certificate is issued through a Qualified Signature Creation Device (QSCD) by a Qualified Trust Service Provider.
The qualified certificate incorporates data that verify the identity of the owner and provide legal validity to the actions carried out with it. This is because it contains data such as:
The main difference between the qualified and unqualified certificate is that the qualified one is presumed to be legally valid. Thus, if the qualified certificate is used for a qualified signature, it serves as indisputable proof in the event of legal proceedings, so that:
In accordance with the eIDAS Regulation regarding electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions, the electronic signature certificate links the validation data of a signature with a natural person.
The most secure signature is the qualified signature, in other words, the signature made with a digital certificate. For this, it is necessary that the digital certificate is qualified and complies with the requirements mentioned above.
The recognition of qualified signatures is set out in article 25 of the eIDAS regulation:
Article 25 – Legal effects of electronic signatures